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Amphibian health publications

Price, S.J., Leung, W.T.M., Owen, O.J., Puschendorf, R., Sergeant, C., Cunngingham, A.A., Balloux, B., Garner, T.W.J. and Nichols, R.A., 2019. Effects of historic and projected climate change on the range and impacts of an emerging wildlife disease. Glob Change Biol. 25(8): 2648-2660. doi:10.1111/gcb.14651

Seilern-Moy, K., Fernandez, J.R., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Linton, C., Cunningham, A.A. and Lawson, B., 2019. Fatal phaeohyphomycosis due to Exophiala sp. infection in a free-living common toad Bufo bufo. Dis Aquat Org. 7;133(1):19-24.  doi:10.3354/dao03341

Cunningham, A.A., Smith, F., McKinley, T.J., Perkins, M., Fitzpatrick, L.D., Wright, O.W. and Lawson, B., 2019. Apparent absence of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans in wild urodeles in the United Kingdom. Sci Rep 9:2831. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-39338-4

Franklinos, L.H.V., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., Hydeskov, H.B., Hopkins, K.P., Everest, D.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Lawson, B., 2018. Herpesvirus skin disease in free-living common frogs Rana temporariain Great Britain. Dis Aquat Org 129: 239–244. doi:10.3354/dao03246

Price S.J., Wadia A., Wright O.N., Leung W.T.M., Cunningham A.A. and Lawson B., 2017. Screening of a long-term sample set reveals two Ranavirus lineages in British herpetofauna. PLoS ONE 12(9), p.e0184768.

Hudson, M.A., Young, R.P., Lopez, J., Martin, L., Fenton, C., McCrea, R., Griffiths, R.A., Adams, S-L., Gray, G., Garcia, G. and Cunningham, A.A., 2016. In-situ itraconazole treatment improves survival rate during an amphibian chytridiomycosis epidemic. Biological Conservation 195, pp.37-45.

Price, S.J., Garner, T.W.J., Cunningham, A.A., Langton, T.E.S. and Nichols, R.A., 2016. Reconstructing the emergence of a lethal infectious disease of wildlife supports a key role for spread through translocations by humans. In Proc. R. Soc. B 283(1839), p. 20160952. The Royal Society.

Duffus, A.L.J. and Cunningham, A.A., 2010. Major disease threats to European amphibians, The Herpetological Journal 20(3), pp.117-127.

González-Hernández, M., Denoël, M., Duffus, A.J.L., Garner, T.W.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., 2010. Dermocystid infection and associated skin lesions in free-living palmate newts (Lissotriton helveticus) from Southern France. Parasitology International 59(3), pp.344–350.

Teacher, A.G.F., Cunningham, A.A. and Garner, T.W.J., 2010. Assessing the long-term impact of Ranavirus infection in wild common frog populations. Animal Conservation 13(5), pp.514-522.

Garner, T.W.J., Perkins, M., Govindarajulu, P., Seglie, D., Walker, S.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Fisher, M.C., 2006. The emerging amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis globally infects introduced populations of the North American bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus. Biology Letters 2(3), pp.455-459. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0494

Cunningham, A.A., Garner, T.W.J., Aguilar-Sanchez, V., Banks, B., Foster, J., Sainsbury, A.W., Perkins, M., Walker, S.F., Hyatt, A.D. and Fisher, M.C., 2005. Emergence of amphibian chytridiomycosis in Britain. Veterinary Record 157(13), pp.386-387. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04263.x

Daszak, P, Cunningham, A. A. and Hyatt, A. D., 2003. Infectious disease and amphibian population declines, Diversity and Distributions 9(2), pp.141–150.

Pascolini, R., Daszak, P., Cunningham, A.A., Tei, S., Vagnetti, D., Bucci, S., Fagotti, A. and Di Rosa, I., 2003. Parasitism by Dermocystidium ranae in a population of Rana esculenta complex in Central Italy and description of Amphibiocystidium n. gen. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 56(1), pp.65-74. doi:10.3354/dao056065

Hyatt, A.D., Gould, A.R., Zupanovic, Z., Cunningham, A.A., Hengstberger, S., Whittington, R.J. and Coupar, B.E.H., 2000. Characterisation of piscine and amphibian iridoviruses. Archives of Virology 145(2), pp.301-331.

Berger, L., Speare, R., Daszak, P., Greene, D.E., Cunningham, A.A., Goggin, C.L., Slocombe, R., Ragan, M.A., Hyatt, A.D., McDonald, K.R., Hines, H.B., Lips, K.R., Marantelli, G. and Parkes, H., 1998. Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(15), pp.9031-9036.

Garden bird health publications

Folly, A.J., Sewgobind, S., Hernández‐Triana, L.M., Mansfield, K.L., Lean, F.Z., Lawson, B., Seilern‐Moy, K., Cunningham, A.A., Spiro, S., Wrigglesworth, E. and Pearce‐Kelly, P., 2022. Evidence for overwintering and autochthonous transmission of Usutu virus to wild birds following its redetection in the United Kingdom. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases.

Hanmer, H.J., Cunningham, A.A., John, S.K., Magregor, S.K., Robinson, R.A., Seilern-Moy, K., Siriwardena, G.M. and Lawson, B., 2022. Habitat-use influences severe disease-mediated population declines in two of the most common garden bird species in Great Britain. Scientific reports12(1), pp.1-13.

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Briscoe, A.G., Cunningham, A.A., Fooks, A.R., Heaver, J.P., Hernández-Triana, L.M., John, S.K., Johnson, N., Johnston, C. and Lean, F.Z. (2022) Combining host and vector data informs emergence and potential impact of an Usutu virus outbreak in UK wild birds. Scientific reports12,10298.

Duff, J. P., Richey, M., Holmes, J. P., Bianco, C., Duff, K. P., Lawson, B. (2020) Suspected collision trauma deaths in pied wagtails. Veterinary Record 186, 18:609-610. doi: 10.1136/vr.m2272

Folly, A. J., Lawson B., Lean, F. Z. X., McCracken, F., Spiro, S., John, S. K., Heaver, J. P., Seilern-Moy, K., Masters, N., Hernández-Triana, L. M., Phipps, L. P., Nuñez, A., Fooks, A. R., Cunningham, A. A., Johnson, N., McElhinney, L. M. (2020) Detection of Usutu virus infection in wild birds in the United Kingdom, 2020. Eurosurveillance 25(41).

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Parmar, M., Killick, R., Cunningham, A.A., MacDonald, S.J. (2020) Aflatoxin and ochratoxin A residues in supplementary foods used for wild birds. Science of The Total Environment 731:138851.

Alrefaei, A.F., Low, R., Hal,l N., Jardim, R., Dávila, A., Gerhold, R., John, S., Steinbiss, S., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B., Bell, D. (2019) Multilocus Analysis Resolves the European Finch Epidemic Strain of Trichomonas gallinae and Suggests Introgression from Divergent Trichomonads. Genome Biol Evol 11(8):2391-402.

Wilkinson, V., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., Núñez, A., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Dallman, T.J., Cunningham, A.A., de Pinna, E.M., Lawson, B. (2019) Novel Salmonella Variant Associated with Mortality in Two Great Spotted Woodpeckers (Dendrocopos major). J Wildl Dis. In-Press. 

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., John, S.K., Benitez, L., Tolf, C., Risely, K., Toms, M.P., Cunningham, A.A., Williams, R.A.J. (2018) Spatio-temporal dynamics and aetiology of proliferative leg skin lesions in wild British finches. Sci. Rep. 8:14760.

Fogell, D.J., Martin, R.O., Bunbury, N., Lawson, B., Sells, J., McKeand, A.M., Tatayah, V., Trung, C.T., Groombridge, J.J. (2018) Trade and conservation implications of new beak and feather disease virus detection in native and introduced parrots. Conserv. Biol. 0:1-11.

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Toms, M.P., Risely, K., MacDonald, S., Cunningham, A.A., 2018. Health hazards to wild birds and risk factors associated with anthropogenic food provisioning. 

Zu Ermgassen, E.K., Durrant, C., John, S., Gardiner, R., Alrefaei, A.F., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B.,2016. Detection of the European epidemic strain of Trichomonas gallinae in finches, but not other non-columbiformes, in the absence of macroscopic disease. Parasitology 143(10), pp.1294-300.

Mather, A.E., Lawson, B., de Pinna, E., Wigley, P., Parkhill, J., Thomson, N.R., Page, A.J., Holmes, M.A. and Paterson, G.K., 2016. Genomic analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium from wild passerines in England and Wales. Applied and environmental microbiology82(22), pp.6728-6735. doi:10.1128/AEM.01660-16

Lawson, B., Duff, P., Beckmann, K.M., Chantrey, J., Peck, K.M., Irvine, R.M., Robinson, R.A. and Cunningham, A.A., 2015. Drowning is an apparent and unexpected recurrent cause of mass mortality of Common starlings (Sturnus vulgaris). Sci Rep 5: 17020. doi:10.1038/srep17020

McBurney, S., Kelly-Clark, W.K., Forzán, M.J., Lawson, B., Tyler, K.M. and Greenwood, S.J., 2015. Molecular characterization of Trichomonas gallinae isolates recovered from the Canadian Maritime provinces’ wild avifauna reveals the presence of the genotype responsible for the European finch trichomonosis epidemic and additional strains. Parasitology 142(8), pp.1053-62.

Lawson, B., Dastjerdi, A., Shah, S., Everest, D., Núñez, A., Pocknell, A., Hicks, D., Horton, D.L., Cunningham, A.A. and Irvine, R.M., 2015. Mortality associated with avian reovirus infection in a free-living magpie (Pica pica) in Great Britain. BMC veterinary research11(1), p.20. doi:10.1186/s12917-015-0329-5

Gourlay, P., Decros, A., Moinet, A., Lambert, O., Lawson, B., Beaudeau, F., Assié, S., 2014. The potential capacity of French wildlife centres for  wild bird disease surveillance. European Journal of Wildlife Research 6(60), pp.865-873. doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0853-9

Beckmann, K.M., Borel, N., Pocknell, A.M., Dagleish, M.P., Sachse, A., Cunningham, John, S.K., Popischil, A., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B., John, S.K., 2014. Chlamydiosis in British garden birds (2005-2011): retrospective diagnosis and Chlamydia psittaci genotype determination. Ecohealth 11(4), pp.544–563. doi:10.1007/s10393-014-0951-x

Lawson, B., de Pinna, E., Horton, R.A., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Chantrey, J., Duff, J.P., Kirkwood, J.K., Simpson, V.R., Robinson, R.A., Wain, J. and Cunningham, A. A., 2014. Epidemiological evidence that garden birds are a source of human salmonellosis in England and Wales. PLoS ONE 9(2), p.e88968.

Ganas, P., Jaskulska, B., Lawson, B., Zadravec, M., Hess, M. and Bilic, I., 2014. Multi-locus sequence typing confirms the clonality of Trichomonas gallinae isolates circulating in European finches. Parasitology, 141(5), pp.652-661. doi:10.1017/S0031182013002023

Sa, R.C., Cunningham, A.A., Dagleish, M.P., Wheelhouse, N., Pocknell, A., Borel, N., Peck, H.L. and Lawson, B., 2014. Psittacine beak and feather disease in a free-living ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) in Great Britain. European journal of wildlife research60(2), pp.395-398.

Chi, J.F., Lawson, B., Durrant, C., Beckmann, K., John, S., Alrefaei, A.F., Kirkbride, K., Bell, D.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Tyler, K.M., 2013. The finch epidemic strain of Trichomonas gallinae is predominant in British non-passerines, Parasitology 140(10), pp.1234-45. doi:10.1017/S0031182013000930 

Blackburn, T.M., Monroe, M.J., Lawson, B., Cassey, P. and Ewen, J. G., 2013. Body size changes in passerine birds introduced to New Zealand from the UK. NeoBiota 17, p.1. doi:10.3897/neobiota.7.4841

Horton, D.L., Lawson, B., Egbetade, A., Jeffries, C., Johnson, N., Cunningham, A.A. and Fooks, A.R., 2013. Targeted surveillance for Usutu virus in British birds (2005–2011). Vet Rec. 172(1), p.17.

Lawson, B., Lachish, S., Colvile, K.M., Durrant, C., Peck, K.M., Toms, M.P., Sheldon, B.C. and Cunningham, A.A., 2012. Emergence of a novel avian pox disease in British tit species. PLOS ONE 7(11), p.e40176.

Lachish, S., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A. and Sheldon, B.C., 2012. Epidemiology of the emergent disease Paridae pox in an intensively studied wild bird population. PLOS ONE 7(11), p.e38316. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038316

Lachish, S., Bonsall, M.B., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A. and Sheldon, B.C., 2012. Individual and population-level impacts of an emerging poxvirus disease in a wild population of great tits. PLOS ONE 7(11), p.e48545. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048545

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Colvile, K.M., Peck, K.M., Chantrey, J., Pennycott, T.W., Simpson, V.R., Toms, M.P. and Cunningham, A.A., 2012. The emergence and spread of finch trichomonosis in the British Isles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences367(1604), pp.2852-2863. doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0130 

Colvile, K.M., Lawson, B., Pocknell, A.M., Dagleish, M.P., John, S.K. and Cunningham, A.A., 2012. Chlamydiosis in British songbirds. Veterinary Record171(7), pp.177-177.

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Neimanis, A., Handeland, K., Isomursu, M., Agren, E.O., Hamnes, I.S., Tyler, K.M., Chantrey, J., Hughes, L.A., Pennycott, T.W., Simpson, V.R., John, S.K., Peck, K.M., Toms, M.P., Bennett, M., Kirkwood, J.K., Cunningham, A.A., 2011. Evidence of spread of the emerging infectious disease finch trichomonosis, by migrating birds. Ecohealth 8(2), pp.143-153. doi:10.1007/s10393-011-0696-8

Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A., Chantrey, J., Hughes, L.A., John, S.K., Bunbury, N., Bell, D.J. and Tyler, K.M., 2011. A clonal strain of Trichomonas gallinae is the aetiologic agent of an emerging avian epidemic disease. Infection, Genetics and Evolution11(7), pp.1638-1645. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2011.06.007

Lawson, B., Hughes, L.A., Peters, T., de Pinna, E., John, S.K., Macgregor, S.K. and Cunningham, A.A., 2011. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis supports the presence of host-adapted Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Serovar Typhimurium strains in the British garden bird population. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77(22), pp.8139-8144. doi:10.1128/AEM.00131-11

Lawson, B., Malnick, H., Pennycott, T.W., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Duncan, G., Hughes, L.A., Chantrey, J. and Cunningham, A.A., 2011. Acute necrotising pneumonitis associated with Suttonella ornithocola infection in tits (Paridae). The Veterinary Journal188(1), pp.96-100. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2010.03.010

Lawson, B., Howard, T., Kirkwood, J.K., Macgregor, S.K., Perkins, M., Robinson, R.A., Ward, L.W. and Cunningham, A.A. (2010) The epidemiology of salmonellosis in garden birds in England and Wales, 1993 to 2003. Ecohealth 7(3), pp.294-306.

Robinson, R.A., Lawson, B., Toms, M.P., Peck, K.M., Kirkwood, J.K., Chantrey, J.,  Clatworthy, I.R.,  Evans, A.D., Hughes, L.A., Hutchinson, O.C., John, S.K., Pennycott, T.W., Perkins, M.W.,  Rowley, P.S.,  Simpson, V.R.,  Tyler, K.M., and  Cunningham, A.A. (2010) Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid population declines of common British birds. PLOS ONE 5(8), p.e12215. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012215

Hughes, L.A., Shopland, S., Wigley, P., Bradon, H., Leatherbarrow, A.H., Williams, N.J., Bennett, M., DePinna, E., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A. and Chantrey, J. (2008) Characterisation of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium isolates from wild birds in northern England from 2005-2006. BMC Veterinary Research 4(1), p.4. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-4-4

Lawson, B., Cunningham, A., Chantrey, J., Hughes, L., Kirkwood, J., Pennycott, T. and Simpson, V., 2006. Epidemic finch mortality. The Veterinary record159(11), p.367.

Lawson, B., MacDonald, S., Howard, T., Macgregor, S.K. and Cunningham, A.A., 2006. Exposure of garden birds to aflatoxins in Britain. Science of the total environment361(1), pp.124-131.

Pennycott, T., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A., Simpson, V. and Chantrey, J., 2005. Necrotic ingluvitis in wild finches. Veterinary Record 157(12), p. 360.

Hedgehog health publications

Hydeskov, H.B., Amar, C.F.L., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., John, S.K., Macgregor, S.K., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B. (2019). Listeria monocytogenes infection of free-living western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 50, 183 – 189. doi:10.1638/2018-0093

Saldanha, I.F., Lawson, B., Goharriz, H., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, John, S.K., Fooks, A.R., Cunningham, A.A., Johnson, N., Horton, D.L. (2019) Extension of the known distribution of a novel clade C betacoronavirus in a wildlife host. Epidemiology and Infection 147: e169, 1–8. doi:10.1017/S0950268819000207

Hydeskov, H.B., Dastjerdi, A., Hopkins, K.P., Ryser-Degiorgis, M.P., Widén, F., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B. (2018) Detection and characterisation of Herpesviridae in free-living Western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Great Britain. Sci. Rep. 8:13942. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31900-w

Lawson, B., Franklinos, L.H.V., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., Wend-Hansen, C., Nair, S., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Pizzi, R., Núñez, A., Ashton, P.M., Cunningham, A.A., de Pinna, E.M., 2018. Salmonella Enteritidis ST183: emerging and endemic biotypes affecting western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) and people in Great Britain. Sci. Rep. 8: 2449.

Franklinos, L.H.V., Efstratiou, A., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Hopkins, T., Cunningham, A.A.,  Lawson, B., 2015. Streptococcus pyogenes infection in a free-living European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus). Ecohealth (online) 12(4), pp.689-692. doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1051-2

Sangster, L., Blake, D.P., Robinson, G., Hopkins, T.C., Sa, R.C., Cunningham, A.A., Chalmers, R.M. and Lawson, B., 2016. Detection and molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium parvum in British European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus). Veterinary parasitology 217, pp.39-44.

Reptilian health publications

Ladner, J.T., Palmer, J.M., Ettinger, C.L., Stajich, J.E., Farrell, T.M., Glorioso, B.M., Lawson, B., Price, S.J., Stengle, A.G., Grear, D.A. and Lorch, J.M., 2022. The population genetics of the causative agent of snake fungal disease indicate recent introductions to the USA. PLoS biology20(6), p.e3001676.

Franklinos, L.H., Lorch, J.M., Bohuski, E., Fernandez, J.R.R., Wright, O.N., Fitzpatrick, L., Petrovan, S., Durrant, C., Linton, C., Baláž, V., Cunningham, A.A., and Lawson, B., 2017. Emerging fungal pathogen Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in wild European snakes. Scientific Reports, 7. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03352-1

Citizen Science and Wildlife Disease Surveillance

Maund, P.R., Irvine, K.N., Lawson, B., Steadman, J., Risely, K., Cunningham, A.A., Davies, Z.G. (2020) What motivates the masses: Understanding why people contribute to conservation citizen science projects. Biological Conservation 246:108587.

Lawson, B., Petrovan, S.O. and Cunningham, A.A., 2015. Citizen science and wildlife disease surveillance. EcoHealth12(4), pp.693-702.  doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1054-z