Amphibian health publications

Seilern-Moy, K., Fernandez, J.R., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Linton, C., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B., (2019) Fatal phaeohyphomycosis due to Exophiala sp. infection in a free-living common toad Bufo bufo. Dis Aquat Org. 7;133(1):19-24.  doi:10.3354/dao03341

Cunningham, A.A., Smith, F., McKinley, T.J., Perkins, M., Fitzpatrick, L.D., Wright, O.W., Lawson, B., (2019) Apparent absence of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans in wild urodeles in the United Kingdom. Sci Rep 9:2831. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-39338-4

Franklinos, L.H.V., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., Hydeskov, H.B., Hopkins, K.P., Everest, D.J., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B. (2018) Herpesvirus skin disease in free-living common frogs Rana temporariain Great Britain. Dis Aquat Org 129: 239–244. doi:10.3354/dao03246

Price S.J., Wadia A., Wright O.N., Leung W.T.M., Cunningham A.A., Lawson B., 2017. Screening of a long-term sample set reveals two Ranavirus lineages in British herpetofauna. PLoS ONE 12(9), p.e0184768. S

Laking, A.E., Ngo, H.N., Pasmans, F., Martel, A. and Nguyen, T.T., 2017. Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans is the predominant chytrid fungus in Vietnamese salamanders. Scientific Reports 7doi:10.1038/srep44443

Stegen, G., Pasmans, F., Schmidt, B.R., Rouffaer, L.O., Van Praet, S., Schaub, M., Canessa, S., Laudelout, A., Kinet, T., Adriaensen, C. and Haesebrouck, F., 2017. Drivers of salamander extirpation mediated by Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans. Nature 544(7650), pp.353-356. doi:10.1038/nature22059

Hudson, M.A., Young, R.P., Lopez, J., Martin, L., Fenton, C., McCrea, R., Griffiths, R.A., Adams, S-L., Gray, G., Garcia, G. & Cunningham, A.A.,2016. In-situ itraconazole treatment improves survival rate during an amphibian chytridiomycosis epidemic. Biological Conservation 195, pp.37-45.

Price, S.J., Garner, T.W.J., Cunningham, A.A., Langton, T.E.S. and Nichols, R.A., 2016. Reconstructing the emergence
of a lethal infectious disease of wildlife supports a key role for spread through translocations by humans. In Proc. R. Soc. B 283(1839), p. 20160952. The Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.0952

Spitzen-van der Sluijs, A., Martel, A., Asselberghs, J., Bales, E.K., Beukema, W., Bletz, M.C., Dalbeck, L., Goverse, E., Kerres, A., Kinet, T. and Kirst, K., 2016. Expanding distribution of lethal amphibian fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans in Europe. Emerging infectious diseases, 22(7), p.1286. doi:10.3201/eid2207.160109

North, A.C., Hodgson, D.J., Price, S.J. and Griffiths, A.G., 2015. Anthropogenic and ecological drivers of amphibian disease (ranavirosis). PloS one10(6), p.e0127037.

Duffus, A.L., Nichols, R.A. and Garner, T.W., 2014. Experimental evidence in support of single host maintenance of a multihost pathogen. Ecosphere5(11), pp.1-11. doi:10.1890/ES14-00074.1

Martel, A., Blooi, M., Adriaensen, C., Van Rooij, P., Beukema, W., Fisher, M.C., Farrer, R.A., Schmidt, B.R., Tobler, U., Goka, K. and Lips, K.R., 2014. Recent introduction of a chytrid fungus endangers Western Palearctic salamanders. Science346(6209), pp.630-631. doi: 10.1126/science.1258268

Price, S.J., Garner, T.W.J., Nichols, R.A., Balloux, F., Ayres, C., Mora-Cabello de Alba A. and Bosch, J., 2014. Collapse of Amphibian Communities Due to an Introduced Ranavirus. Current Biology 24(21), pp.2586–2591. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.028

Duffus, A.L.J. and Cunningham, A.A., 2010. Major disease threats to European amphibians, The Herpetological Journal 20(3), pp.117-127.

González-Hernández, M., Denoël, M., Duffus, A.J.L., Garner, T.W.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., 2010. Dermocystid infection and associated skin lesions in free-living palmate newts (Lissotriton helveticus) from Southern France. Parasitology International 59(3), pp.344–350. doi:10.1016/j.parint.2010.04.006

Teacher, A.G.F., Cunningham, A.A. and Garner, T.W.J.,2010. Assessing the long-term impact of Ranavirus infection in wild common frog populations. Animal Conservation 13(5), pp.514-522. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2010.00373.x

Teacher, A.G.F., Garner, T.W.J. and Nichols, R.A., 2009. Evidence for directional selection at a novel Major Histocompatability Class 1 marker in wild common frogs (Rana temporaria) exposed to a viral pathogen. PLoS ONE 4(2), p.E4616. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.00046160

Teacher, A.G.F., Garner, T.W.J. and Nichols, R.A., 2009. Population genetic patterns suggest a behavioural change in wild common frogs (Rana temporaria) following disease outbreaks (Ranavirus). Molecular Ecology 18(15), pp.3163-3172. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04263.x

Garner, T.W.J., Perkins, M., Govindarajulu, P., Seglie, D., Walker, S.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Fisher, M.C., 2006. The emerging amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis globally infects introduced populations of the North American bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus. Biology Letters 2(3), pp.455-459. doi:10.1515/JBCPP.1991.2.1-2.111

Cunningham, A.A., Garner, T.W.J., Aguilar-Sanchez, V., Banks, B., Foster, J., Sainsbury, A.W., Perkins, M., Walker, S.F., Hyatt, A.D. and Fisher, M.C., 2005. Emergence of amphibian chytridiomycosis in Britain. Veterinary Record 157(13), pp.386-387. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04263.x

Daszak, P, Cunningham, A. A. and Hyatt, A. D., 2003. Infectious disease and amphibian population declines, Diversity and Distributions 9(2), pp.141–150. doi: 10.1046/j.1472-4642.2003.00016.x

Pascolini, R., Daszak, P., Cunningham, A.A., Tei, S., Vagnetti, D., Bucci, S., Fagotti, A. and Di Rosa, I., 2003. Parasitism by Dermocystidium ranae in a population of Rana esculenta complex in Central Italy and description of Amphibiocystidium n. gen. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 56(1), pp.65-74. doi: 10.3354/dao056065

Hyatt, A.D., Gould, A.R., Zupanovic, Z., Cunningham, A.A., Hengstberger, S., Whittington, R.J. and Coupar, B.E.H., 2000. Characterisation of piscine and amphibian iridoviruses. Archives of Virology 145(2), pp.301-331.

Berger, L., Speare, R., Daszak, P., Greene, D.E., Cunningham, A.A., Goggin, C.L., Slocombe, R., Ragan, M.A., Hyatt, A.D., McDonald, K.R., Hines, H.B., Lips, K.R., Marantelli, G. and Parkes, H., 1998. Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(15), pp.9031-9036. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.15.9031

Garden bird health publications

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., John, S.K., Benitez, L., Tolf, C., Risely, K., Toms, M.P., Cunningham, A.A., Williams, R.A.J. (2018) Spatio-temporal dynamics and aetiology of proliferative leg skin lesions in wild British finches. Sci. Rep. 8:14760.

Fogell, D.J., Martin, R.O., Bunbury, N., Lawson, B., Sells, J., McKeand, A.M., Tatayah, V., Trung, C.T., Groombridge, J.J. (2018) Trade and conservation implications of new beak and feather disease virus detection in native and introduced parrots. Conserv. Biol. 0:1-11.

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Toms, M.P., Risely, K., MacDonald, S., Cunningham, A.A., 2018. Health hazards to wild birds and risk factors associated with anthropogenic food provisioning. 

Zu Ermgassen, E.K., Durrant, C., John, S., Gardiner, R., Alrefaei, A.F., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B.,2016. Detection of the European epidemic strain of Trichomonas gallinae in finches, but not other non-columbiformes, in the absence of macroscopic disease. Parasitology 143(10), pp.1294-300.

Mather, A.E., Lawson, B., de Pinna, E., Wigley, P., Parkhill, J., Thomson, N.R., Page, A.J., Holmes, M.A. and Paterson, G.K., 2016. Genomic analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium from wild passerines in England and Wales. Applied and environmental microbiology82(22), pp.6728-6735. doi:10.1128/AEM.01660-16

Lawson, B., Duff, P., Beckmann, K.M., Chantrey, J., Peck, K.M., Irvine, R.M., Robinson, R.A. and Cunningham, A.A., 2015. Drowning is an apparent and unexpected recurrent cause of mass mortality of Common starlings (Sturnus vulgaris). Scientific Reports 5: 17020. doi:10.1038/srep17020

McBurney, S., Kelly-Clark, W.K., Forzán, M.J., Lawson, B., Tyler, K.M. and Greenwood, S.J., 2015. Molecular characterization of Trichomonas gallinae isolates recovered from the Canadian Maritime provinces’ wild avifauna reveals the presence of the genotype responsible for the European finch trichomonosis epidemic and additional strains. Parasitology 142(8), pp.1053-62.

Lawson, B., Dastjerdi, A., Shah, S., Everest, D., Núñez, A., Pocknell, A., Hicks, D., Horton, D.L., Cunningham, A.A. and Irvine, R.M., 2015. Mortality associated with avian reovirus infection in a free-living magpie (Pica pica) in Great Britain. BMC veterinary research11(1), p.20. doi:10.1186/s12917-015-0329-5

Gourlay, P., Decros, A., Moinet, A., Lambert, O., Lawson, B., Beaudeau, F., Assié, S., 2014. The potential capacity of French wildlife centres for  wild bird disease surveillance. European Journal of Wildlife Research 6(60), pp.865-873. doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0853-9

Beckmann, K.M., Borel, N., Pocknell, A.M., Dagleish, M.P., Sachse, A., Cunningham, John, S.K., Popischil, A., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B., John, S.K., 2014. Chlamydiosis in British garden birds (2005-2011): retrospective diagnosis and Chlamydia psittaci genotype determination. Ecohealth 11(4), pp.544–563. doi:10.1007/s10393-014-0951-x

Lawson, B., de Pinna, E., Horton, R.A., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Chantrey, J., Duff, J.P., Kirkwood, J.K., Simpson, V.R., Robinson, R.A., Wain, J. and Cunningham, A. A., 2014. Epidemiological evidence that garden birds are a source of human salmonellosis in England and Wales. PLoS ONE 9(2), p.e88968. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088968

Ganas, P., Jaskulska, B., Lawson, B., Zadravec, M., Hess, M. and Bilic, I., 2014. Multi-locus sequence typing confirms the clonality of Trichomonas gallinae isolates circulating in European finches. Parasitology, 141(5), pp.652-661. doi:10.1017/S0031182013002023

Sa, R.C., Cunningham, A.A., Dagleish, M.P., Wheelhouse, N., Pocknell, A., Borel, N., Peck, H.L. and Lawson, B., 2014. Psittacine beak and feather disease in a free-living ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) in Great Britain. European journal of wildlife research60(2), pp.395-398.

Chi, J.F., Lawson, B., Durrant, C., Beckmann, K., John, S., Alrefaei, A.F., Kirkbride, K., Bell, D.J., Cunningham, A.A. and Tyler, K.M., 2013. The finch epidemic strain of Trichomonas gallinae is predominant in British non-passerines, Parasitology 140(10), pp.1234-45. doi:10.1017/S0031182013000930 

Blackburn, T.M., Monroe, M.J., Lawson, B., Cassey, P. and Ewen, J. G., 2013. Body size changes in passerine birds introduced to New Zealand from the UK. NeoBiota 17, p.1. doi:10.3897/neobiota.7.4841

Horton, D.L., Lawson, B., Egbetade, A., Jeffries, C., Johnson, N., Cunningham, A.A. and Fooks, A.R., 2013. Targeted surveillance for Usutu virus in British birds (2005–2011). Veterinary Record172(1), p.17. doi:10.1136/vr.101275

Lawson, B., Lachish, S., Colvile, K.M., Durrant, C., Peck, K.M., Toms, M.P., Sheldon, B.C. and Cunningham, A.A., 2012. Emergence of a novel avian pox disease in British tit species. PLOS ONE 7(11), p.e40176. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0040176

Lachish, S., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A. and Sheldon, B.C., 2012. Epidemiology of the emergent disease Paridae pox in an intensively studied wild bird population. PLOS ONE 7(11), p.e38316. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038316

Lachish, S., Bonsall, M.B., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A. and Sheldon, B.C., 2012. Individual and population-level impacts of an emerging poxvirus disease in a wild population of great tits. PLOS ONE 7(11), p.e48545. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048545

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Colvile, K.M., Peck, K.M., Chantrey, J., Pennycott, T.W., Simpson, V.R., Toms, M.P. and Cunningham, A.A., 2012. The emergence and spread of finch trichomonosis in the British Isles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences367(1604), pp.2852-2863. doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0130 

Colvile, K.M., Lawson, B., Pocknell, A.M., Dagleish, M.P., John, S.K. and Cunningham, A.A., 2012. Chlamydiosis in British songbirds. Veterinary Record171(7), pp.177-177. doi:10.1136/vr.100506

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Neimanis, A., Handeland, K., Isomursu, M., Agren, E.O., Hamnes, I.S., Tyler, K.M., Chantrey, J., Hughes, L.A., Pennycott, T.W., Simpson, V.R., John, S.K., Peck, K.M., Toms, M.P., Bennett, M., Kirkwood, J.K., Cunningham, A.A., 2011. Evidence of spread of the emerging infectious disease finch trichomonosis, by migrating birds. Ecohealth 8(2), pp.143-153. doi:10.1007/s10393-011-0696-8

Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A., Chantrey, J., Hughes, L.A., John, S.K., Bunbury, N., Bell, D.J. and Tyler, K.M., 2011. A clonal strain of Trichomonas gallinae is the aetiologic agent of an emerging avian epidemic disease. Infection, Genetics and Evolution11(7), pp.1638-1645. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2011.06.007

Lawson, B., Hughes, L.A., Peters, T., de Pinna, E., John, S.K., Macgregor, S.K. and Cunningham, A.A., 2011. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis supports the presence of host-adapted Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Serovar Typhimurium strains in the British garden bird population. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77(22), pp.8139-8144. doi:10.1128/AEM.00131-11

Lawson, B., Malnick, H., Pennycott, T.W., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Duncan, G., Hughes, L.A., Chantrey, J. and Cunningham, A.A., 2011. Acute necrotising pneumonitis associated with Suttonella ornithocola infection in tits (Paridae). The Veterinary Journal188(1), pp.96-100. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2010.03.010

Lawson, B., Howard, T., Kirkwood, J.K., Macgregor, S.K., Perkins, M., Robinson, R.A., Ward, L.W. and Cunningham, A.A. (2010) The epidemiology of salmonellosis in garden birds in England and Wales, 1993 to 2003. Ecohealth 7(3), pp.294-306.

Robinson, R.A., Lawson, B., Toms, M.P., Peck, K.M., Kirkwood, J.K., Chantrey, J.,  Clatworthy, I.R.,  Evans, A.D., Hughes, L.A., Hutchinson, O.C., John, S.K., Pennycott, T.W., Perkins, M.W.,  Rowley, P.S.,  Simpson, V.R.,  Tyler, K.M., and  Cunningham, A.A. (2010) Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid population declines of common British birds. PLOS ONE 5(8), p.e12215. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012215

Hughes, L.A., Shopland, S., Wigley, P., Bradon, H., Leatherbarrow, A.H., Williams, N.J., Bennett, M., DePinna, E., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A.A. and Chantrey, J. (2008) Characterisation of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium isolates from wild birds in northern England from 2005-2006. BMC Veterinary Research 4(1), p.4. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-4-4

Lawson, B., Cunningham, A., Chantrey, J., Hughes, L., Kirkwood, J., Pennycott, T. and Simpson, V., 2006. Epidemic finch mortality. The Veterinary record159(11), p.367.

Lawson, B., MacDonald, S., Howard, T., Macgregor, S.K. and Cunningham, A.A., 2006. Exposure of garden birds to aflatoxins in Britain. Science of the total environment361(1), pp.124-131.

Pennycott, T., Lawson, B., Cunningham, A., Simpson, V. and Chantrey, J., 2005. Necrotic ingluvitis in wild finches. Veterinary Record 157(12), p. 360.

Hedgehog health publications

Saldanha, I.F., Lawson, B., Goharriz, H., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, John, S.K., Fooks, A.R., Cunningham, A.A., Johnson, N., Horton, D.L. (2019) Extension of the known distribution of a novel clade C betacoronavirus in a wildlife host. Epidemiology and Infection 147: e169, 1–8. doi:10.1017/S0950268819000207

Hydeskov, H.B., Dastjerdi, A., Hopkins, K.P., Ryser-Degiorgis, M.P., Widén, F., Cunningham, A.A., Lawson, B. (2018) Detection and characterisation of Herpesviridae in free-living Western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Great Britain. Sci. Rep. 8:13942. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31900-w

Lawson, B., Franklinos, L.H.V., Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, J., Wend-Hansen, C., Nair, S., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Pizzi, R., Núñez, A., Ashton, P.M., Cunningham, A.A., de Pinna, E.M., 2018. Salmonella Enteritidis ST183: emerging and endemic biotypes affecting western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) and people in Great Britain. Sci. Rep. 8: 2449. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18667-2

Franklinos, L.H.V., Efstratiou, A., Macgregor, S.K., John, S.K., Hopkins, T., Cunningham, A.A.,  Lawson, B., 2015. Streptococcus pyogenes infection in a free-living European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus). Ecohealth (online) 12(4), pp.689-692. doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1051-2

Sangster, L., Blake, D.P., Robinson, G., Hopkins, T.C., Sa, R.C., Cunningham, A.A., Chalmers, R.M. and Lawson, B., 2016. Detection and molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium parvum in British European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus). Veterinary parasitology 217, pp.39-44.

Reptilian health publications

Franklinos, L.H., Lorch, J.M., Bohuski, E., Fernandez, J.R.R., Wright, O.N., Fitzpatrick, L., Petrovan, S., Durrant, C., Linton, C., Baláž, V., Cunningham, A.A., and Lawson, B., 2017. Emerging fungal pathogen Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in wild European snakes. Scientific Reports, 7. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03352-1

Citizen Science and Wildlife Disease Surveillance

Lawson, B., Petrovan, S.O. and Cunningham, A.A., 2015. Citizen science and wildlife disease surveillance. EcoHealth12(4), pp.693-702.  doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1054-z